Select language:

The town of Dubna where Mendeleev’s Periodic Table is filled out

 / Главная / Russkiy Mir Foundation / Publications / The town of Dubna where Mendeleev’s Periodic Table is filled out

The town of Dubna where Mendeleev’s Periodic Table is filled out


Russkiy Mir Editorial

Dubna, the town of physicists, was founded on July 24, 1946, in the very north of the Moscow region. Previously the most secret one, now it has turned into the most famous science town in Russia.

Dubna / Photo credit:

After the end of the Great Patriotic War, it was decided to create a secret research center to study nuclear processes in Dubna. In 1947, Academician Kurchatov and other scientists initiated the start of the construction. The largest particle accelerator of that time, the synchrocyclotron, started its work in 1949. The center began fundamental and applied research in the field of elementary particle physics and atomic energy.

Synchrophasotron / Photo credit:

Top secret at first, in 1954 the physicists' settlement was declassified. 1956 marked the creation of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), which became a common project of 12 socialist countries. At present, physicists from 18 countries participate in the work of JINR: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Vietnam, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Korea, Cuba, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Uzbekistan, Ukraine and the Czech Republic.

In 1957, the institute launched the synchrophasotron - one of the largest accelerators in the world (10 billion electron volts), as well as a unique pulsed fast reactor.

The JINR main building / Photo credit:

The name of JINR is rigidly connected with one of the most glorious pages of Russian science. This page has not been closed yet. Most of the transuranic elements discovered in the world were synthesized in Dubna. As a token of gratitude to Dubna physicists, the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Chemistry named the 105th element Dubnium.

Russia remains a leader in the synthesis of new elements. The work is underway on the synthesis of the 119th and 120th elements of the periodic table. A new laboratory was built at JINR to achieve this task - the Factory of Superheavy Elements.

The Mendeleev Embankment in Dubna / Photo credit:

Mosaic portraits by Nadia Leger in the city square. Photo credit:

Dubna is not only the largest in Russia and one of the most important world centers for research in the field of nuclear physics, it is just a very pleasant place. It is a modern green town with many alleys, squares, and monuments - a town of scientists and cyclists.


New publications

Nearly one hundred and fifty African students and teachers from Tanzania, Ruanda, Kenya, Zambia, Uganda, Madagascar and Mauritius participated in a 12-day intensive Russian language course in July. It marked the first stage of the Distant Russian in Africa online project aimed to strengthen humanitarian ties with Africa, which had been discussed at the 2019 Russia-Africa Summit in Sochi.
The Youth Talks debate club at the Center for the Benelux Languages and Cultures has launched its new session on July 17th. The Center director Maria Pushkova and students Anna Balashova and Daniil Volkov talk about their projects, for the most part associated with commemoration of World War 2 and the Belgian Resistance.
The World Chess Day is celebrated annually on July 20. Today it brings together amateurs and professionals of the ancient game, even if over a virtual board only. This day has been marked by series of international online-tournaments opened in Russia and abroad. Russian compatriots are going to launch the Chess Friendship Cup today.
Holding a contest in the midst of the pandemic is rather challenging, but it is the kind of thing you do for children who have bilingual schooling and live in bilingual environment. Tatiana Henderson-Stewart, the principal of Cherry Orchard Russian School in London, told us about Once I Dreamt contest. They even had to make additional categories of prizes because children wrote very interesting works about their dreams and imaginings, and all the writings were so unique.
The Hollywood has seen a lot of celebrities with Russian names – Kirk Douglas, a Hollywood legend and star of Spartacus, was born as Issur Danielovitch, and Oscar-winning Helen Mirren is delighted to be called Elena Vasilievna. The one might think that Yul Brynner, a star of The King and I, spent his whole life trying to forget that he had been born in Vladivostok as Yuliy Borisovich Briner, though, according to the eyewitnesses, he spoke fluent Russian until his dying day.
Russian language does not have days off. It is not afraid of pandemics. And sometimes it benefits from self-isolation of those who seek to master it. Having worked online for months, Russian language courses around the world are setting to actively accepts students into offline groups. The Russkiy Mir contacted teachers from different countries and found out that the lockdown and experience in e-teaching opened up new opportunities for specialists in Russian philology. Some of them conceived the idea to develop a system of electronic textbooks and globalize the programs; others initiated active engagement of lecturers and guests from all over the world for their online classes, and also mastered advanced training for teachers in virtual environment.
Starting from Peter the Great days, Russian glossary of nautical terms was compiled based on Dutch terms. Furthermore, it experienced a significant impact from English, German and Italian terminology. Events associated with naval glory of Russia can be reconstructed through interpretation of those inherent terms. The Battle of Chesma is one of such events.