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The town of Dubna where Mendeleev’s Periodic Table is filled out
Russkiy Mir Editorial
Dubna, the town of physicists, was founded on July 24, 1946, in the very north of the Moscow region. Previously the most secret one, now it has turned into the most famous science town in Russia.
Dubna / Photo credit: dostop.ru
After the end of the Great Patriotic War, it was decided to create a secret research center to study nuclear processes in Dubna. In 1947, Academician Kurchatov and other scientists initiated the start of the construction. The largest particle accelerator of that time, the synchrocyclotron, started its work in 1949. The center began fundamental and applied research in the field of elementary particle physics and atomic energy.
Synchrophasotron / Photo credit: wikimedia.org
Top secret at first, in 1954 the physicists' settlement was declassified. 1956 marked the creation of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), which became a common project of 12 socialist countries. At present, physicists from 18 countries participate in the work of JINR: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Vietnam, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Korea, Cuba, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Uzbekistan, Ukraine and the Czech Republic.
In 1957, the institute launched the synchrophasotron - one of the largest accelerators in the world (10 billion electron volts), as well as a unique pulsed fast reactor.
The JINR main building / Photo credit: jinr.ru
The name of JINR is rigidly connected with one of the most glorious pages of Russian science. This page has not been closed yet. Most of the transuranic elements discovered in the world were synthesized in Dubna. As a token of gratitude to Dubna physicists, the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Chemistry named the 105th element Dubnium.
Russia remains a leader in the synthesis of new elements. The work is underway on the synthesis of the 119th and 120th elements of the periodic table. A new laboratory was built at JINR to achieve this task - the Factory of Superheavy Elements.
The Mendeleev Embankment in Dubna / Photo credit: narslovar.ru
Mosaic portraits by Nadia Leger in the city square. Photo credit: wikipedia.org
Dubna is not only the largest in Russia and one of the most important world centers for research in the field of nuclear physics, it is just a very pleasant place. It is a modern green town with many alleys, squares, and monuments - a town of scientists and cyclists.