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By the turn of the century, the position of Russian Old Believers was quite ambiguous. On the one hand, they had become quite successful in terms of finding their place in the country’s economy. Even in the small villages and settlements, the Old Believers were often cleaner and more prosperous than their Orthodox neighbors. As for large-scale trade and industry, the leading shots were called by Old Believer millionaire merchants – Morozov, Ryabushinsky, Sirotkin, Kuznetsov, Konovalov, Soldatenkov… Millions of rubles allowed Old Believers incredible decision-making in terms of urban self-rule. Old Believer merchants were...

22.12.2008
Rubric: Articles
Subject: History

Russian Old belief is one of the most important layers of the Russian world, although for a variety of reasons, it is one that seldom draws people’s attention. The phenomenon, its history and the processes that took place in the Old Believer environment, in a sense, is widely representative of Russian culture, society and the Russian state. The liturgical and ritual reforms undertaken in the middle of the 17th century by Patriarch Nikon caused a deep rift not only in the Russian church, but also in the Russian people. Tens of thousands of Russians of all classes “from the boyars to the poor blind man” did not accept the...

18.12.2008
Rubric: Articles
Subject: History

The very phrase “Russian Africa,” in contrast to “Russian America” or “Russian London,” sounds very unusual, to say the least. Nevertheless, our compatriots began to settle in what was then known as the Dark Continent at the end of the 19th century. To this day, South Africa remains an important area for Russian emigres. History is silent about when the first of our compatriots settled in southern Africa. Numerous legends exist. According to one, the famous and influential Iloffs, a Boer family, had Russian roots. One of its pioneers was supposedly a Russian defector who had been sent by Peter I to study...

17.12.2008
Rubric: Articles
Subject: Diaspora

The current Constitution of the Russian Federation took effect on the date of its publication in Rossiyskaya gazeta – December 25, 1993. However, Constitution Day, which until recently was an official holiday, was celebrated on December 12 when it was adopted by popular vote. The reason for this popular vote was a decree issued by President Boris Yeltsin on October 15, 1993. It is not difficult to put two and two together and see that this decree was issued immediately following the dramatic events of early October – the dispersal of the Supreme Soviet and the effective termination of the Russian Soviet Constitution of 1978. The...

12.12.2008
Rubric: Articles
Subject: Общество

The death of Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and All Russia closes a truly landmark page in the history of the Russian Orthodox Church. Very different assessments of this phase of church history, its features and trends will likely be forthcoming for some time. At least in part, they will be based on those disputes that are taking place in Russian society today. Yet hardly anyone will deny that the position of the Russian Orthodox Church in society changed dramatically under Alexy II. The church became a formational part of modern Russian reality and was able to influence many of its important characteristics: social attitudes toward religion,...

05.12.2008
Rubric: Articles
Subject: Religion

To the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate Your Eminences! On behalf of the Russkiy Mir Foundation and from me personally, I would like to express my sincere and deep condolences at the untimely death of His Holiness Patriarch Alexy. His death is a huge loss for us all – not only for the clergy and the laity, but for the multiconfessional, multiethnic and multicultural Russian world in its entirety. Despite its diversity, the Russian world is nevertheless united by its connection to the great Russian civilization, which is inconceivable without the spiritual and ethical direction based in Russian Orthodox...

05.12.2008
Rubric: Articles
Subject: Diaspora

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